Without wanting to re-introduce the Nazis as villains, George Lucas, executive producer and co-screenwriter, decided to consider this film as a prequel. Three plot devices were rejected before Lucas wrote a cinematographic treatment that resembled the final story. He made it a prequel because he didn't want the Nazis to be the villains again. Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is the 1984 prequel to In Search of the Lost Ark and chapter twenty-three of The Complete Adventures of Indiana Jones.
Lucas made the film a prequel because he didn't want the Nazis to be the villains once again. Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom was the first Indiana Jones film to include the name of the main character in the title, unlike 1981's In Search of the Lost Ark.