Indiana, one of the 50 states of the United States. It is located in the Mid-Atlantic region in the northeastern part of the United States. It is located at a latitude of 39.0458° N, and at. It is located at a latitude of 39.0458° N and a longitude of 76.6413° W.
Known as the Hoosier State, Indiana is a state with great pride. Indiana is located in the Midwest region and in the Great Lakes region of the United States. With Michigan to the north and Kentucky to the south, Indiana also shares borders with Ohio and Illinois. The state of Indiana is the 19th of the U.S.
UU. and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With around 6.3 million residents, it ranks 14th in population and 17th in population density. Indiana ranks 38th in land area.
Indiana is a diverse state with smaller urban areas and industrial cities. He is known for the Indianapolis 500 car race, which is held annually during Memorial Day weekend, and for a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Indiana residents are called Hoosiers. Indiana is bordered to the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; to the east by Ohio; to the south by Kentucky, which shares the Ohio River as its border; and to the west by Illinois.
Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states. The northern boundary of the states of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois was originally defined as a latitudinal line drawn across the southern end of Lake Michigan. Since such a line would not provide Indiana with a usable facade on the lake, its northern border shifted ten miles to the north. The northern borders of Ohio and Illinois were also displaced from this original plan.
The 475-mile (764 km) long Wabash River divides the state from northeast to southwest and has given Indiana several themes, On the Banks of the Wabash, The Wabash Cannonball and Back Home Again, In Indiana. The White River (a tributary of the Wabash, a tributary of Ohio) zigzags through central Indiana. The northwest corner of the state is part of the Chicago metropolitan area and has nearly one million residents. Gary and the cities and towns that make up the northern half of Lake, Porter and La Porte counties, which border Lake Michigan, are effectively suburbs of Chicago.
Porter and Lake Counties are commonly known as the Calumet region. They are all in the central time zone along with Chicago. Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District NICTD owns and operates the South Shore Line, a commuter rail line that operates electric trains between South Bend and Chicago. Sand dunes and heavy industry share the shoreline of Lake Michigan in northern Indiana.
The South Bend metropolitan area, in north-central Indiana, is the region's center of commerce, better known as Michiana, reflecting the interconnection with neighboring Michigan. Fort Wayne, the state's second largest city, is located in the northeastern part of the state. Northern Indiana is the site of one of the world's great ecological regions, the Indian Dunes, a huge complex of live dunes at the southern end of Lake Michigan. Dunes are a relic ecosystem that provides habitat for many rare plant species.
The Kankakee River, which winds through northern Indiana, roughly bounds the northwest suburbs of Indiana from the rest of the state. The state capital, Indianapolis, is in the center of the state. It is the intersection of many Interstate and American highways that gives the state its motto of The Crossroads of America. Rural areas in the central part of the state are usually composed of a mosaic of fields and wooded areas.
Evansville, Indiana's third largest city, is located in the southwest corner of the state. It is located in a three-state area that includes Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky. The southeastern cities of Clarksville, Jeffersonville, and New Albany are part of the Louisville metropolitan area. Southern Indiana is a mix of farmland and forests.
The Hoosier National Forest is a 200,000 acre (80,900 ha) nature reserve in south-central Indiana. The topography of southern Indiana is more varied than that of the north and generally contains more hills and geographical variations than the northern part, such as the Knobs, a 1,000-foot series. Brown County is known for its hills covered with colorful fall foliage in the fall, the poet T, S. Eliot and Nashville's former home, county seat and shopping destination.
The limestone geology of southern Indiana has created numerous caves and one of the largest limestone quarry regions in the U.S. Many of Indiana's official buildings, such as the State Capitol Building, Downtown Monuments, Indiana University Law School at Indianapolis, and the Indiana Government Center, are all examples of Indiana architecture made with state limestone. Most of Indiana has a humid continental climate, with hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters. The southernmost parts of the state border with a humid subtropical climate with somewhat milder winters.
Summer highs average around 85°F (29°C) and coldest nights around 60°F (16°C). Winters are a little more variable, but generally temperatures range from cold to cold. Most of Indiana has an average above freezing point, even in the coldest part of winter, except in the northernmost tip of the state; the minimum temperature is below -20° F (-8° C) for most of the state. The state receives 40 inches (1,000 mm) of precipitation annually throughout the state, in all four seasons, and from March to August it is slightly wetter.
The Algonquian tribes, mainly the Miami and the Shawnee, fought to protect the lands of the Iroquois as they moved west from New York. The Potawatomi and the Delaware also lived in what is now Indiana. The San José River was a means of transportation for French fur traders, connecting Canada and Louisiana. Settlers from the South and East began to settle along the Ohio and Wabash Rivers.
The French saw this as a potential threat and later built three forts: Fort-Miami (170); Fort-Ouiatanon (171); and Fort-Vincennes (173). The area was claimed by New France in 1763 and ceded to Great Britain as part of the settlement of the French and Indian Wars, banning new white settlements. In 1774, Parliament annexed the lands to Quebec. The natives and whites continued to fight until 1794, when General Anthony Wayne defeated the Indians in a battle near Fallen Timbers.
Indian resistance continued for several more decades as white settlements expanded, claiming more and more native hunting and fishing lands. The last major encounter was the Battle of Tippecanoe, led by General William Henry Harrison. The area became part of the U.S. Soon after, it became part of the Northwest Territory, then the Indiana Territory, and joined the Union in 1816 as the nineteenth state.
Immediately after this, Indiana requested the federal government to remove Native Americans. In 1817, individual tribes began giving up their remaining lands in exchange for reserves in Oklahoma and Kansas. This started with the Shawnee, Delaware and Wyandot. Soon, the Kickapoo, Piankashaw and Wea were forcibly expelled, followed by the Potawatomi, who were forced to march to Kansas in the middle of winter on the Death Trail.
The Mississippi River and its tributaries (Ohio and Wabash) were the main outlet for the growing generosity of the Midwest. Access to navigable water was essential for economic development because there were few roads suitable for heavy transport in the early and middle of the 19th century. Since the costs of shipping goods to and from the east were almost prohibitive, Indiana advocated for the construction of the canal and invested in it. In 1826, Congress granted land adjacent to the proposed Wabash and Erie canal.
In the ten years between 1840 and 1850, the counties bordering the canal saw a population increase of 397 percent; the most fertile, but most remote, counties saw increases of 190 percent. The channel also brought emigration from Ohio, New York and New England, in newly established counties in two-thirds of the state's upstate. Foreign immigration came mainly from Ireland and Germany. Later, the Wabash and Erie Canal was eventually abandoned, as rail mileage increased.
Since 1964, when Indiana supported Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson on Republican Barry Goldwater, Indiana has favored Republican candidate in federal elections. However, half of Indiana's governors in the 20th century were Democrats. Previously, Indiana housed two major military installations, Grissom Air Force Base, near Peru (reduced to reservist operations in 199) and Fort Benjamin Harrison, near Indianapolis, now closed, although the Department of Defense continues to operate a large financial center there.
Despite its reliance on manufacturing, Indiana has been much less affected by declines in traditional Rust Belt factories than many of its neighbors. In part, Indiana's economy is considered one of the most business-friendly in the U.S. This is partly due to its conservative business climate, low business taxes, relatively low union membership, and labor laws. The at-will employment doctrine, according to which an employer can fire an employee for any reason or without it, is in effect.
In addition, Indiana's workforce is mostly in small and medium cities, rather than in very large and expensive metropolises. This makes it possible for companies to offer slightly lower salaries for these skills than would normally be paid. In other words, companies often see Indiana as an opportunity to earn higher-than-average skills with lower than average salaries. Indiana is home to the international headquarters of pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly in Indianapolis, as well as the headquarters of Mead Johnson Nutritionals, a division of Bristol-Myers Squibb, in Evansville.
Elkhart, in the north, has also had a strong economic base for pharmaceuticals, although this has changed in the last decade with the closure of Whitehall laboratories in the 1990s and the planned downsizing of the large Bayer complex. Overall, Indiana ranks fifth among all of the U.S. Statuses in total sales and shipments of pharmaceuticals and the second highest in number of jobs related to biopharmaceuticals. The state is located within the Corn Belt.
Corn and its by-products, and feedlots for finishing pigs and cattle are an important sector in Indiana's agricultural production. Soy is also an important commercial crop. Its proximity to major urban centers, such as Chicago, ensures markets for dairies, egg production and specialty agriculture, including melons, tomatoes, grapes and mint. Most of the original land was not grassland and had to be cleared of deciduous trees.
Many plots of forest remain and support a furniture manufacturing sector in the southern part of the state. In mining, Indiana is probably best known for its decorative limestone from the southern, mountainous part of the state, especially Lawrence County (the home area of Apollo I astronaut Gus Grissom). One of the many public buildings confronted with this stone is The Pentagon, and after the attacks of September 11, 2001, the Indiana mining industry made a special effort to replace those damaged walls with a type and cut of material almost identical to those of the original coating. There are also large coal mines in the southern part of the state.
Like most Great Lakes states, Indiana has small and medium-sized operating oil fields; the main location of these today is in the far southwest, although you can see operating oil derricks outside Terre Haute. Being centrally located, you can reach 60 percent of the United States in a day's drive from Indiana. The state has extremely accessible and well-maintained road, rail, water and air transportation systems. There are more than 680 airport facilities in the state.
Indianapolis International Airport serves the metropolitan area. Other major airports include Evansville Regional Airport, Fort Wayne International Airport (home to the 122nd Combat Wing of the Air National Guard) and South Bend Regional Airport. The southern part of the state also has the Louisville International Airport, across the Ohio River, in Louisville, Kentucky. Indiana has 10 different interstate highways, more than any other state in the U.S.
This system includes a total of 11,000 highway miles. The number of intersecting highways in and around Indianapolis earned it the nickname Crossroads of America. German is the largest reported ancestry in Indiana, with 22.7 percent of the population reporting that ancestry in the census. People who cite American (12.0 percent) and English (8.9 percent) ancestry are also numerous, as are Irish (10.8 percent) and Poles (3.0 percent).
The Indiana Department of Education contains a Division of Service-Learning known as Action Without Borders, which uses service performance as a means of education. In addition to regular classroom work, this program helps students in kindergarten through grade 12 meet the needs of the community, while improving their academic skills and learning the habits of a. Indiana colleges and universities attract the fourth-most out-of-state students in the nation and the largest out-of-state student population in the Midwest. In addition, Indiana ranks third in the country for keeping high school seniors in the state, as Indiana colleges and universities attract 88% of college attendees.
The state's top institutions of higher education include Indiana University, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Purdue University, University of Notre Dame, Indiana-Purdue in Indianapolis, Indiana Wesleyan University, Butler University, Ball State University, Valparaiso University, Wabash College and DePauw University among the many public and private institutions located in the state. With an area of 94,321 square meters. Km, the state of Indiana is located in the East-North-Central (Midwest and Great Lakes) region of the United States. The state of Indiana is located in the East-North-Central (Midwest and Great Lakes) region of the United States.
It is geographically positioned in the northern and western hemispheres of the Earth. Indiana borders Michigan in the north; Ohio in the east; the Ohio River and Kentucky in the south and southeast; the Wabash River and Illinois in the west; and Lake Michigan in the northwest. Indiana is located in the Midwest of the United States and is one of eight states collectively known as the “Great Lakes region.”. A map illustrating the location of Indiana within the United States, the Great Lakes region of the United States is where the state of Indiana can be found, as indicated by the map that has been provided for its location, however, the state of Indiana in the United States shares its border with the states of Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky and Illinois, Michigan is to the north, Ohio is to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast and Illinois is to the west.
The Wabash River is located in western Indiana and at the coordinates of 37°54′9″ N and 88°5′5′3″ W, marks the westernmost point of Indiana. Indiana Dunes State Park stretches for 15 miles along Indiana Dunes National Park (don't confuse the two). The judiciary consists of the Indiana Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, the Indiana Tax Court and local circuit courts. As you can see on the given location map of the state of Indiana, USA.
In the US, Indiana is located in the Great Lakes region of the U.S. UU. . .