Congress passed a law to establish the Territory of Indiana, which came into effect on July 4, 1800, dividing the Northwest Territory in preparation for Ohio statehood, which occurred in 1803.The first people to live in what would later become Indiana were hunters of these (and other) animals. They cooked their food over campfires and used the skin of animals to dress and shelter. With the passage of time, hunting and gathering among the Indians changed. They began to hunt smaller animals, such as deer and rabbits.
To do so, they had to change their weapons. Small spearheads were used instead of large spearheads. Eventually, the bow and arrow were invented because it was easier to hunt small and fast animals. Indians who traded with other Indians would not only get a specific product, but they would share ideas and customs.
One idea that was popular with Indians in Indiana was the construction of mounds. A mound was a hill that consisted of built earth and stone. The Indians who learned this custom are known as mound builders. Indiana was the first Western state to mobilize for the United States in the war, and Indiana soldiers participated in all of the major clashes of the war.
Slavery in Indiana was prohibited, however, this law did not apply to slave owners who lived in Indiana before the constitution came into force. The governor of Indiana is the chief executive of the state and has the authority to administer government as set out in the Indiana Constitution. The other three independent state universities are Vincennes University (founded in 1801 by the Indiana Territory), Ball State University (191) and Southern Indiana University (1965 as ISU - Evansville). With the founding in 1906 of the steel town of Gary halfway between the iron ore deposits of Minnesota's Mesabi Range, the coal deposits of central Appalachia and the limestone resources of southern Indiana and Illinois and the subsequent development of automobile manufacturing in South Bend, Indiana completed its transition from an agricultural to an industrial base.
The largest educational institution is Indiana University, whose flagship campus was approved as an Indiana Seminary in 1820. Later, ownership of the claim was transferred to the Indiana Land Company, the first recorded use of the word Indiana. While Indiana has committed to increasing the use of renewable resources such as wind, hydro, biomass or solar energy, progress has been very slow, mainly due to the continued abundance of coal in southern Indiana. Northwest Indiana has several sand ridges and dunes, some reaching nearly 200 feet in height; most of them are located in Indiana Dunes National Park.